BARIUM AFFIRMED
BY
SPECTROSCOPY
November 1 2000
Edited Dec 12 2000
Clifford E Carnicom

The unusual presence of the element barium in the atmosphere now appears to have been affirmed through the methods of spectroscopy. Spectroscopy is "the study of the absorption and emission of light and other radiation by matter, as related to the dependence of these processes on the wavelength of the radiation" (Enc. Brittanica). The results of the current research are now sufficient to establish an analytical basis for the formal investigation of radical atmospheric changes induced by relatively recent aircraft aerosol operations. This work further confirms the recent findings that have substantiated the unusual presence of an alkaline salt form in the atmosphere, as revealed through recent pH tests conducted across the country. Barium compounds, especially those of a soluble nature, are regarded as a serious health risk, and they are commonly associated with respiratory distress.


Research by this method will continue, but preliminary results are provided because of the importance of the findings and to support the claims that are made herein. It is recommended that other researchers across the country participate within this endeavor, in an effort to further refine the results of the study. Spectroscopy provides an analytic tool that can be used to establish the presence or absence of certain foreign elements in the atmosphere that have been under consideration for some time.

Clifford E Carnicom
November 1 2000




ADDITIONAL SPECIFIC INFORMATION:

More details on the methods and tools that have been used in this study will be presented as time and circumstances permit. Two significant identifying spectral lines appearing are those at 712nm and 728nm respectively; these lines are visible only under very restricted conditions near sundown. Lines in association with barium at 455, 491, 516, 554, 614 and 648nm are also under due consideration. The elements of C, Ca, Fe, H, Mg, N, Na, and O have been considered for comparison with these critical lines, and the presence of barium appears to stand unique in this portion of the spectrum at this intensity. Results of the study presented on this page are subject to revision based upon continued findings or if any errors are determined. The table below remains incomplete as this study remains in progress. One visual light prism spectroscope and one visual light diffraction-grating spectrometer are being used within the study, and the results from each are cross-checked with each other. The visible light spectrum ranges from approximately 400 to 700 nanometers(nm), with violet at the 400nm range and red at the 700nm range. The expected error in any reading is approximately 1-3 nanometers, which is sufficient in most cases to eliminate ambiguity. Those with further information to supplement the table are welcome to contribute to the completion of it. The specific absorption lines in the instruments which have been observed thus far are:

Observed Wavelength(nm)

Associated Element(s)

ActualWavelength: (nm)

Relative Intensity

NIST Intensity

Comments or Source

428

Fe, Ca, C, Cr

427

1

 

C,Cr : Emsley : The Elements

436

H

434

3

 

Emsley : The Elements

452

?

 

 

 

 

455

Ba

455

2

 

Emsley : The Elements

474

?

 

2

 

 

484

H

486

1

 

Harvard-Smithsonian

491

Ba

493

 

 

Emsley : The Elements

516

Ba, Mg, Fe

Ba 516
Mg 518
Fe 518

2

 

Ba : NIST
Fe: Harvard Smithsonian
Mg : Emsley : The Elements

526

Fe

527

 

 

Harvard-Smithsonian

533

I?

534

 

 

Emsley : The Elements

538

C

538

 

 

NIST

549

S

551

 

 

Emsley : The Elements

554

Ba

554

3

 

Emsley : The Elements

559

S?

561

3

 

Emsley : The Elements

572

?

 

3

 

 

589

Na, He

Na 589
He 588

1

 

Emsley : The Elements

602

?

 

 

 

 

616

Ba

614

 

 

Emsley : The Elements

627

O

628

 

 

Columbus Optical SETI Laboratory

648

Ba

650

 

 

Emsley : The Elements

656

H

656

1

 

Emsley : The Elements

686

O

687

1

 

Harvard-Smithsonian

715+/- 3nm

Ba

712

1

2400

NIST
Visible only at conditions of sunset or sunrise

725+/3 3nm

C

724

 

 

Emsley : The Elements
Visible only at conditions of sunset or sunrise

725+/-3nm

Ba

728

1

3000

NIST
Visible only at conditions of sunset or sunrise

760+/-3nm

O

760

1

 

Columbus Optical SETI Laboratory
Visible only at conditions of sunset or sunrise

Additional Notes:

ELEMENTS UNDER CONSIDERATION:
Source : Emsley : The Elements

Abundance within the Sun
(relative to hydrogen, the most abundant at 1 x 1012):

Expected Atmospheric Concentration (ppm)

Main Spectral Lines
(400-750nm)

Hydrogen : 1 x 1012

0.5 (volume)

434,486,656

Helium : 6.3 x 1010

5.2

588

Oxygen : 6.9 x 108

209500

None listed

Carbon : 4.2 x 108

350(volume)(CO2)

427,724

Silicon : 4.5 x 107

None

504,506,567,635,637

Nitrogen : 4.0 x 107

780900

463,500,568,747

Magnesium : 4.0 x 107

None

518

Iron : 3.2 x 107

None

None listed

Sulfur : 1.6 x 107

None

545,547,551,562,566

Aluminum : 3.3 x 106

None

None listed

Calcium : 2.2 x 106

None

423

Nickel : 1.9 x 106

None

None

Sodium : 1.9 x 106

None

590

Argon : 1.0 x 106

9300

696,706,750

Barium : 123

None

455,493,554,614,650,706

Relative intensity within the upper table is an arbitrary ranking factor, with 1 indicating a more intense absorption line in the spectrum, and 3 being the weakest. NIST intensity is the relative intensity assigned by The National Institute of Standards and Technology Physics Library Atomic Spectral database.

Barium Toxicity Profile

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